What is copyright?
Copyright is protection given to the authors or creators of “original works of authorship,” including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic and other intellectual works. Authors of work have the sole right to copy the work, distribute copies of that work, publicly perform and/or display the work, and make derivative works. It is illegal for anyone other than the author to do these things without explicit permission from the author, except in the case of Fair Use.
Copyright law is US federal law. The current copyright law is the Copyright Act of 1976.
What is Fair Use?
Fair use exists due to copyright laws (The Copyright Act of 1976). Typically we think of copyright laws limiting what we can do with media/works. But actually, the second half of the copyright agreements empower us to share as a culture. This if often overlooked! Copying, quoting, and re-using existing material can be a really important part of creating and shaping our culture. This is why we agree to share our work with others, with limits, in order to keep that opportunity alive.
You must consider these 4 elements to decide if your use is FAIR USE:
- The purpose and character of the use – Did you transform the original?
- The nature of the material – ls it factual, creative, consumable?
- The amount used – Did you use only the amount necessary?
- The effect on the market for the original – Are you taking someone’s profits?
If your use falls under Fair Use, you do not need permission from the original owner/creator of the work to use it.
Poster Source of information above
When it’s okay to REMIX, REUSE, or SHARE content, you can use the Creative Commons licenses to guide your work.
What is Creative Commons?
Creative Commons in the Classroom
Where can you find Creative Commons licensed works?
Creative Commons Search – Search many sites at once *Our Favorite!
StockVault.net – Free images from photographers around the world
Kozzi.com – One free photo per day
FindIcons.com – Huge resource for avatars or small images
Flickr Advanced Search – Use advanced search filters to show only CC licensed images
Morguefile – Free stock photos (Thanks Sue Lyon-Jones for link in comments!)
Open Clipart Libary – Public domain clipart (Thanks Sue Lyon-Jones for link in comments!)
But if you’re changing the video or making mash-ups, that permission may not apply. You need to read the license carefully.
Curriculum and Text
Wikipedia – Quote away (with a link back) to any information you find on Wikipedia
Curriki – An open curriculum community
Collaborize Classroom Library – A growing resource for discussion questions, lesson plans, and more
Carefully check textbook permissions being reusing any of the content. It’s always best to paraphrase and share ideas in your own original ways, rather than copy word for word.
Works published before 1923 are in the public domain!
US Government works are in the public domain!
A ton of Copyright Friendly links from Joyce Valenza’s wiki http://copyrightfriendly.wikispaces.com/home
Music and Picture sites http://www.diigo.com/tag/creativecommons
From Common Sense Media, Lessons and Resources in the category “Creative Credit and Copyright” are available for grades K-12. See here: http://www.commonsensemedia.org/educators/scope-and-sequence
http://gatesideas.wikispaces.com/CreativeCommons (video intro)
Copyright Confusion http://copyrightconfusion.wikispaces.com/
CC search http://search.creativecommons.org/
Code of Best Practices in Fair Use – I don’t think the seconds/minutes/words used need apply technically if it’s indeed fair use; these are more of recommended guidelines
Principles 4 and 5 on this page cover student use of copyrighted material for educational purposes. Really great descriptions for teacher use, too. https://docs.google.com/a/elanco.net/viewer?url=http://mediaeducationlab.com/sites/mediaeducationlab.com/files/CodeofBestPracticesinFairUse.pdf
Another great wiki filled with resources from Susie Nestico http://principlesofdemocracy.wikispaces.com/Digital+Storytelling